A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree MASTER OF MILITARY ART AND SCIENCE Homeland Security by
CHIEF INSPECTOR U.S. MARSHALS SERVICE
Actions taken or not taken by law enforcement agencies, in “Ungoverned Spaces” reduce US ability to forestall hostile actions on US soil. The current organizational limitations of US civil authorities’ poses a problem to accomplishing the goals of our National Security Strategy to “Prevent attacks on the Homeland” and “Enhancing security at Home.” To that end, this thesis examines areas of the United States that function as “Ungoverned Spaces” and possible strategies to maximize Interagency and interoperable government control through joint operations between civil authorities and Department of Defense forces. Finally, the author analyzed the gaps in the ability of law enforcement to project civil authority and the historical short falls of civil law enforcement in past events. The recommendations suggest; the creation of a full time paramilitary police force trained, and maintained in sufficient size and strength to police our nations ungoverned spaces, established as a full time National Guard unit. Satisfying the author’s recommendations on the use of the National Guard as a paramilitary police force, he examines historical and current legal precedent for the legal deployment of National Guard troops under Title 32 as a law enforcement entity.
See page 52 (page 60 in the .pdf) for the punch line(s), but do at least scan the whole thing as an example of OpFor mindset.
My fave quote thus far (.pdf pp. 63-64):
…The very nature of this nation’s separation of power and balance of governance laid out by our founding fathers to protect the citizens of the United States has become fractured by time and a changing globalfootprint of state and non-state actors. The very mechanisms of democracy and the separation of power to protect this nation from government tyranny have also created a national vulnerability. It has created an aversion to a national police force or the use of the military as a paramilitary police force and has created multiple large governmental organizations competing for the same resources with little unity of effort. The author refrained from attempting to formulate a National Guard paramilitary police forcestructure, he believes that topic is beyond the scope of this thesis and is a future topic to be examined. The current thought and discussion in DoD Defense Support to Civil Authorities (DSCA) doctrine is that the military cannot be the lead agency in homelandsecurity missions needs to be reexamined.
With the draw down of U.S. forces from the wars in the Iraq and Afghanistan, the military will need to find an increased role in homeland security missions to augment their Homeland Defense mission and maintain Congressional funding (WRSA emphasis added). With over ten years of experience in stability operations and the current legal exceptions to the PCA,the author does not see a reason the military could not function in a law enforcementcapacity in joint operations with civil law enforcement authorities or as a lead federal agency with the appropriate training and oversight to project civil authority into the United States’ ungoverned spaces…
Woe unto those who get what they want.