144:1 Sends

poland-home-army

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From 144:1:

*** $6.00USD/ea. This item is on a pre-order status. Expected shipment date is 3/17/17 ***

The flag of the Polish Home Army – also known as the Polish Underground State. They were noted to be the largest of WWII resistance movements.

The black symbol is called the Kotwica or “Anchor”

High level understanding from Wikipedia:

The Polish Underground State (Polish: Polskie Państwo Podziemne, also known as the Polish Secret State)[a] is a collective term for the underground resistance organizations in Poland during World War II, both military and civilian, that were loyal to the Government of the Republic of Poland in exile in London. The first elements of the Underground State were established in the final days of the German invasion of Poland that began in September 1939. The Underground State was perceived by supporters as a legal continuation of the pre-war Republic of Poland (and its institutions) that waged an armed struggle against the country’s occupying powers: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. The Underground State encompassed not only military resistance, one of the largest in the world, but also civilian structures, such as education, culture and social services.

Hook and loop backing.

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H/t to Aesop for this graphic:

ppp_diagram_en

Click to embiggen.

5 responses to “144:1 Sends

  1. Nice pic of the Polish underground state:

    I’ve posted it on my site in the past, because it’s very likely to be on the final exam.

  2. Really appreciate Aesop’s line-chart (and shamelessly snagged it for another effort underway). I have been working for awhile with a brother I served with, and dear friend, as he translates what amounts to a history of the Polish Holy Cross Brigade from a variety of sources, including artifacts from his father who was an officer in that brigade. I have a great job since I get to irritate the hell out of him when he sends me proofs that get the old-fashioned red pencil treatment from the grammar-nazi.

    At any rate, I shot him the link for the above patch and we had some interesting discussion over a couple of hours, which he consented to share. Here are some words from him that may instruct folks as to what can happen when tangled & compromised “alliances” occur.
    So if our generous host can insert
    1) the pic I sent with the collection of patches & crests, followed by
    2) the pic of the Holy Cross Brigada placque.

    Here are some words from the author I’m working with

    First off, the NSZ had their own patch of the lizard, the Holy Cross Brigade also had it’s own, lower pic, on left. Note the silver medallion in the top pic shows the organizations (ZJ, NOW (where Dad started, NZW) that merged to become the NSZ. The patch in [this post] is AK (WP is Wojsko Polski, Polish Army), and I believe used to this day. The AK was by far the largest underground organization and was the official military arm of the Government-in-Exile (GIE).

    The NSZ (National Armed Forces), political arm / masters of the Brigade and other forest units, was loyal to most of the concepts of the GIE throughout the war, and planned to merge with the Home Army (AK), but was betrayed by the AK leadership, in that the NSZ was to retain independent units and the (military) Commander of the NSZ was to take the role of AK Deputy Commander. After the merger agreement was signed, the AK leadership reneged and started to integrate the NSZ units into their own.

    The NSZ then breached the agreement, at which point the upper echelon of the GIE declared the NSZ as ‘illegal’ and refused to support them, and actually undermined them at times. The relationship between the ground AK and NSZ units, however, did not change much, as they realized it was not in anyone’s best interest not to cooperate. The NSZ was one of tens of underground Polish organizations, most were loyal to the Government-in-Exile, but some were independent.

    The GIE also ordered the Warsaw Uprising – how could they not have foreseen the outcome? The major disagreement the NSZ had with the GIE was that the GIE ordered the AK to cooperate with the Russkies; even after the battle of Warsaw – bad move.

    Soon after the reds started west, AK units that helped them fight the Germans were disarmed, the leaders shot on the spot, and the rest sent to Siberia. So, not a lot of love between the NSZ and AK at the upper levels.

    Would I wear an AK patch? Nowadays, sure, it’s current and mostly recognizable, but I’d also sport an NSZ and Brigade patch somewhere…

    There is a lesson or three up there. I give primary attention to the age-old adage about “the enemy of my enemy is my friend.” I consider that to be unadulterated bullshit; fortunately so did the Holy Cross Brigade because, without them fighting their own way west and out, would Captain Rayski have fathered my buddy. It should be noted that the commies & their quislings continued into the 50’s to attempt to hunt down these members of the Brigada wherever they might have settled; Germany, France. They remember & they don’t quit unless they are disavowed of it in the strongest terms.